Insurance Underwriting

Insurance underwriting is part of insurance companies’ background checks before signing off a policy with a potential customer. Before someone buys a policy from insurers, many things go on behind the scene, a lot of paperwork, interviews, and examinations.

While the company makes its findings and risks through insurance underwriting, the potential policyholder, in turn, checks to make sure their needs are met. Perhaps, you wish to get a policy someday and want to know more about this process; we’ve got you covered.

What is insurance underwriting?

Insurance underwriting is a means insurance companies determine risks. Say an individual applies for an insurance policy; the insurance company underwrites the risks and the possibility that the policyholder may claim. With this information, the insurer will determine the right policy to create and the suitable premium amount to fix on the policy. An insurance company may also deny coverage after checking the applicant’s risk and finding it unsuitable.

Furthermore, insurance underwriting applies to all kinds of insurance coverage and covers every part that makes a policy. For example, for a potential life insurance policyholder who contacts an insurance provider for a policy, the insurance underwriting will check the client’s age, general health status, health examination, credibility, and income. All this will be what the underwriter checks and the company decides if this potential client is worth coverage or not.

How underwriting works

When we speak of insurance, we speak of someone else shielding a policyholder from risks associated with where they need coverage. Since a provider provides this coverage, they limit what they can cover.

READ Also:  Estate planning- Definitions and What you need to know

So, before coverage is offered, which categorically means taking up the risks that may arise, the insurance provider crosses off the T’s and dots all the I’s.

In business-related insurance, the underwriter investigates how old the business is, the financial part of the business, what type of business it is, the income returns and losses, tax returns, bankruptcy, and the company’s goal. This investigation may further check if the business has been sued and why. These factors seal the deals for the insurance provider to offer coverage.

Who is an underwriter?

An underwriter can be an individual, a company, or under an insurance company staff. They use specially made software that calculates data to look into all insurance applications, weigh the risks and costs, and then accept the risks or decline. Underwriters do this for all types of insurance applications and other types of activities that require their services.

Types of underwriters

Underwriters can specialize in different types of insurance, loans, or securities.

Insurance underwriters

Like an insurance company offering homeowners insurance, their underwriters will be experts in underwriting homeowners insurance applications.

Homeowners insurance underwriters evaluate the risks involved in covering a homeowner. They assess risks based on the house’s age, location, condition of the house, and possible claims. The site of a home is always a primary concern because some houses are in areas prone to natural disasters and wildfires. Underwriters access such places in disaster-prone areas and know if the company can take such risks for a fee.

Medical insurance underwriters

Underwriters in this category assess the risk of insuring an individual or a group applying for coverage with facts related to their policy application.

READ Also:  Income Protection Insurance Guide

The current state of health, age, and underlying illness poses more risk for the application and helps the underwriter to figure out what may cause the policyholder to file for a medical claim. When the company agrees to take up the risk, the underwriter still gives the appropriate pricing in premiums for the policy.

Health insurance companies do not deny coverage due to pre-existing illness since the Affordable Care Act rules came into existence.

Loan underwriters

Before an individual gets a loan from a company, their application undergoes underwriting. In this case, the underwriters investigate the applicant’s previous loans, debts, credit score, collateral value, and financial records like income and expenditure.

In loan underwriting that involves a lot of money, physical presence can take over the job of the underwriting software. The collateral involved may warrant a physical assessment alongside other factors.

Securities underwriting

Underwriting securities includes weighing and assessing an asset’s potential values, risks, prices, and opportunities. If the risk is obtainable, the appropriate body buys the asset and resells it to the public for profit for everyone involved. The vetted assets can be stocks, bonds, or ETFs.

How long does underwriting take?

There is no specific duration for an underwriting process. So, some underwriting processes can last for a few days, while some can stretch to weeks. Whichever way, it is to ensure that the underwriter covers all corners.


Underwriters reserve the right to increase premiums and interests if the coverage or loan becomes highly risky. They also find ways to adjust risks if applicable. Their job helps to keep everyone in check and flowing in accordance.

READ Also:  Insurance Fraud

Leave a Reply